Our Safe motherhood & Child survival program is aimed at making pregnancy safer by ensuring that the pregnant woman is healthy and the child is given a healthy start in life.
Anaemia is a recognized serious public health problem in Nigeria with an average prevalence of 57.8% amongst pregnant women and 68.3 % in children below 5years.
Uncontrolled anaemia is a major indirect cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality across the country. It is also one of the commonest preventable causes of death in pregnant women and children under 5 years.
A key component of the Save motherhood and Child survival program is the prevention and control of anaemia among pregnant women and under- five year’s old including females of reproductive age group (15-49 years).
The leading causes of maternal mortality in Nigeria are obstetric haemorrhage (severe bleeding) which accounts for 23% of all maternal deaths, followed by infections (sepsis) at 17%. However, these conditions are often aggravated by the presence of maternal anaemia. Maternal anaemia is known to reduce a pregnant woman’s ability to withstand haemorrhage and resist infection and may result in premature, low birth weight babies with higher risk of death.
Pregnant women with anaemia are more likely to die during or shortly after pregnancy compared to those who are not anaemic.
The cause of anaemia in our environment is often multifactorial but primarily iron deficiency in about 50% of cases. This may present in combination with other causes, including malaria, nutritional deficiencies worm infections and sickle cell disease (SCD).
Sickle cell Disease has been associated with increased maternal mortality and 8% of infant mortality.
Maternal and child mortality rates in Nigeria are unacceptably high and majority of these deaths are preventable.